Sabah (used to call as North Borneo) is state of Malaysia. It is being conflict between the government of Malaysia and the legal heir of Kesultanan Sulu. The loyalist Kesultanan Sulu moved to Sabah as their claimed of this state. Malaysian government responded by sending military forces. It has killed 2 Malaysian polices and 12 loyalists of Kesultanan Sulu.
Based on the history, Sabah was part of Kesultanan Sulu given by Sultan of Brunei Darusallam. It was gift from Sultan as their contribution in the completion of civil war in 1658. Since then, North Kalimantan (Sabah) belongs to Kesultanan Sulu.
In 1761, Sultan Sulu loaned Sabah to one of British company, British East India Company led by Alexander Dalrymple. The company needed Sabah as their trading post in Southeast Asia. As this agreement, the company must paid for rent and provided weapon for Kesultanan Sulu army. At this time, Kesultanan Sulu struggled by Spain conquest.
Kesultanan Brunei has delivered the west coast of Kalimantan to Great Britain in 1846. The right lease of Sabah was owned by British North Borneo Company. In 1885, British Kingdom, Spanyol and Germany signed Madrid Protocol in which acknowledge the owner of Sulu by Spain. As in draft of this protocol, Spain must gave Sabah to British Kingdom.
After the World War 2, British Kingdom didn't give Sabah to Kesultanan Sulu. On the contrary, British Kingdom held plebiscite of Sulu establishment. For that, Sabah, Malay, Sarawak and Singapore formed Malaysia Federation in 16 September 1963.
The claim of Sabah by legal heir of Kesultanan Sulu not only in tenancy agreement but also on the High Court of West Borneo decision in 1939. They approved the claim upon Sabah by legal heir of Kesultanan Sulu.
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